Bajo de Masinloc

UP IMLOS and NAMRIA

Cover and Book Design

An assertion of sovereignty and jurisdiction.

Bajo de Masinloc details the Philippines' territorial claim on Scarborough Shoal through historical maps and documents. It was created in response to the dispute between the Philippines and China due to the latter's continued encroachment on Philippine waters.

It is a joint project of the University of the Philippines Institute for Maritime Affairs and Law of the Sea (UP IMLOS) and the National Mapping and Resource Information Authority (NAMRIA).

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Magnified maps. The red rectangle zooms in on the pertinent part of each map, showing how the Shoal (here called Panacot) has long been recognized as part of Philippine territory.

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Old and new. The maps and documents are presented in chronological order. The most recent charts are digital models from NAMRIA.

"On July 12, [2016], the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague, Netherlands issued a 501-page landmark ruling upholding the Philippines' rights under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).

Citing the so-called 'Nine-Dash Line Map' that encroaches into the sea areas of several countries, including about 80 percent of the Philippines' maritime territory, the ruling invalidated China's claims to most of the South China Sea." (GMA News)

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